National Interest Waiver (NIW) Approvals

Thomas J. Arkell’s success with NIW approvals is nearly 100%.  This outstanding success rate can be credited not only to Mr. Arkell’s expertise in immigration law, but also to the selectivity with which he accepts National Interest Waiver cases.  Mr. Arkell personally and thoroughly reviews every potential National Interest Waiver case to determine the likelihood of approval.  He will work closely with you to learn about your accomplishments and areas of expertise.  He and his very experienced, knowledgeable and talented team of immigration paralegals will then spend a great deal of time analyzing and presenting the specific facts of your case in a manner that allows the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) examiner to easily understand the national importance of your accomplishments and issue your NIW approval.   Mr. Arkell will not guarantee success, but he will not accept your case unless he believes it will be approved and he will work diligently in applying his expertise to get your case approved.  He does not want you to waste your money or time; he wants to help you become a permanent resident of the United States.  If you are not currently qualified under the NIW category then he will inform you and suggest an alternative for obtaining your permanent residence that has a higher probability of success or assist you after you become qualified.  Due to the efficient use of technology, Mr. Arkell can assist you regardless of where you live in the world.    A summary of several National Interest Waiver cases submitted by Thomas J. Arkell that were approved by USCIS are included to illustrate the wide range of his client’s expertise including physics, chemistry, biology, aerospace, nanotechnology, medicine, engineering, materials science, sociology, aerospace and genetics.

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Endocrinology as it relates to nuclear receptor and breast cancer research.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Researcher working in the field of nuclear receptor and breast cancer research addressing important issues regarding molecular biology to learn how the estrogen receptor causes transcriptional gene repression.

The NIW petition recognized the researcher’s scientific interest in research for improving the health of individuals across the nation. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 21 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Environmental science related to water quality and pollution.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate working in the field of environmental science focusing on the research of water quality and pollution by studying nitrogen biogeochemistry in agricultural landscapes, focusing on denitrification and spatial patterns.

The NIW petition recognized his scientific interest in research for improving water quality increasing nutrient cycling, and reducing greenhouse gas emission. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 47 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Environmental engineering as it relates to the development of technologies to produce clean water by treating contaminated water.

USCIS approved a petition for a research scientist working in the field of environmental engineering with an emphasis on the development of technologies to produce clean water by treating contaminated water with the most efficient and economical methods.

The NIW petition proved that the scientist’s research targets important fundamental questions in the field of water treatment, especially desalination and reverse osmosis membranes, and showed that synergy from quantitative engineering principles and rigorous microbial analysis will lead to a better understanding of nature and new discoveries that will help improve the quality of the environment.

 

• Aerospace Engineer – Trajectory optimization and missile defense.

USCIS approved a petition for an aerospace engineer. The beneficiary is an aerospace and aeronautical engineering researcher specializing in the field of trajectory optimization. The beneficiary received a Ph.D. in aerospace and astronautical engineering.

The space propulsion and defense industry’s requirements for trajectory optimization has driven researchers to search for better technologies that benefit processors and smaller computers has driven researchers to search for new technologies. National Interest evidence showed that the beneficiary’s research has had a substantial impact on the space propulsion industry, and, in particular a decisive influence on NASA projects.

The National Interest Waiver petition showed that the beneficiary’s research in trajectory optimization is important for the future success of space exploration and missile defense in the United States. Furthermore, the petition showed that the significance of the beneficiary’s research is even more pertinent during this current period of renewed national interest to return to the Moon and establish a permanent staging point for trips to Mars as proposed by the Federal government. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 31 days.

 

• Physics Researcher – Quantum computation and spintronics.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a condensed matter physics researcher. The researcher has a Ph.D. in Solid State Physics and an M.S. in Engineering Physics.

The beneficiary’s research in the field of condensed matter physics, specifically in the areas of the theory of quantum dots, the study of electronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures with an emphasis on spintronics, quantum computation and quantum information has important applications in the electronics industry, especially the high-tech supercomputing sector.

The evidence submitted provided two major practical applications. One practical application of the beneficiary’s work is that it significantly enhances military efforts of the United States in its efforts to develop advanced code breaking and encryption systems through programs at DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). Another application is quantum computation which significantly speeds up all processing functions that are currently available to classical computers such as materials for space exploration and defense applications as well as information technology.

 

• Research Chemist – Synthesis and use of novel luminescent compounds.

USCIS approved a petition for a chemistry researcher working. The beneficiary is an organic chemistry researcher specializing in the synthesis and use of novel luminescent compounds. The beneficiary received a Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry and a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry.

Evidence submitted with the National Interest Waiver petition showed that fluorescent labeling is one of the central techniques in today’s biotechnology research. New fluorescent probes and labeling techniques are emerging rapidly. The advantages and potentials of lanthanide luminescent probes have been well recognized. These probes have been used in the studies of muscle protein movement, protein-DNA interactions and high throughput drug screening. The National Interest Waiver petition showed that the beneficiary’s research is breaking new ground in the design, synthesis and application of luminescent lanthanide probes. The National Interest petition also argued that the beneficiary’s continuous work as a chemistry researcher will benefit basic biotechnology research, which will advance health care in the United States; and, if commercialized, the beneficiary’s research will benefit the economic growth of the U.S., due to the development and discovery of better pharmaceutical drugs that will result from an advanced understanding of how cells work.

The beneficiary filed an I-140 petition without the assistance of a lawyer, and the petition was denied. Dunn Law Firm was retained and attorney Thomas J. Arkell filed a Motion to Reopen and Reconsider. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 56 days from the date the Motion to Reopen and Reconsider was filed.

 

• Sociology Researcher – HIV/AIDS prevention and international healthcare.

USCIS approved a petition for a sociology researcher working. The beneficiary is a sociologist from Africa specializing in the area of HIV/AIDS prevention, the empowerment of women and international healthcare. The beneficiary received a Ph.D. in sociology and a Bachelor’s of Arts degree in social work.

Evidence submitted with the National Interest Waiver petition noted that AIDS is a global crisis which adversely affects the United States. The National Interest Waiver petition on behalf of the beneficiary asserted that a large portion of the beneficiary’s research involved writing and lecturing on the sexual transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS. The petition showed that the beneficiary’s academic work is based primarily on research conducted and problems that have been encountered in societies, such as the beneficiary’s home country in Africa, where adolescent females and women have been victimized. Also, the National Interest petition showed that the beneficiary plans to use knowledge and experience acquired to try and reduce the alarming increase of HIV/AIDS among adolescent African-American females in the United States.

The beneficiary had received a Fulbright travel grant, and Thomas J. Arkell successfully applied for a waiver of the two-year foreign residence requirement through an Interested Government Agency on behalf of the beneficiary. The Department of Education acted as an interested government agency on behalf of the beneficiary, and Mr. Arkell worked with a University Provost and the professor to obtain the waiver and approval of the National Interest Waiver petition. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 76 days.

 

• Physics Researcher – Mesoscopic superconductivity and advanced integrated circuits.

USCIS recently approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a physics researcher. The researcher, who specializes in nanoscale physics, has a Ph.D. in Engineering.

The beneficiary’s research in nanoscale physics, specifically in the area of mesoscopic superconductivity, is important for the development of advanced integrated circuits and critical improvements to superconducting wire. In recent research efforts, the beneficiary discovered that ultrathin superconducting wires can withstand stronger magnetic fields than larger wires made from the same material. This finding is expected to be extremely useful for technologies that employ superconducting magnets, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The evidence submitted showed that the beneficiary’s research could undoubtedly have a significant effect on improving the MRI systems which are routinely used as diagnostic tools in hospitals throughout the United States and the world. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 76 days.

 

• Research Assistant Professor – Surface chemistry and nanotechnology research.

USCIS recently approved a National Interest Waiver in less than seven months for a Research Assistant Professor in chemistry. The beneficiary’s expertise has important applications in developing new materials and new methods of computing, including DNA storage of digital information and smaller biochip devices for military applications.

 

• Molecular Biologist – Research into the genetics of longevity and aging.

The Researcher’s work focuses on molecular biological research in the longevity and aging field. The beneficiary’s expertise will assist scientists in the areas of growth hormone, insulin/IGF1 and caloric restriction action. The research obtained by the beneficiary has important applications in delaying aging, postponing cancers, cataracts, arthritis and other diseases that afflict people in old age.

 

• Material Science Researcher – Computational prediction and design of alloys.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver for a computational materials science researcher. The researcher, who specializes in the areas of materials design and computational prediction and design of alloy and materials properties for technology, has a Ph.D. in Physics and an M.S. in General and Applied Physics.

The beneficiary’s research in computational prediction and design of alloy and materials (including those for high-capacity hydrogen storage) is invaluable to the development of electronics, aerospace and defense. The evidence submitted documented that the beneficiary’s research would benefit the U.S. economy by advancing technology in the microelectronics and aerospace industries and reducing our reliance on fossil fuels. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 93 days.

 

• Biophysics Researcher – Cholesterol removal and protein-membrane interactions.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a biochemistry and biophysics researcher. The researcher, who specializes in fluorescence dynamics and cholesterol research, has a Ph.D. in Chemistry.

The beneficiary’s research in the area of HDL, or “good cholesterol,” and its effect on cardiovascular disease, which is the number one killer of women and men in the United States, has been, and undoubtedly will continue to be, instrumental in improving the healthcare of our nation. Each year more than one million Americans have heart attacks, and about a half million people die from heart disease. Evidence submitted showed that the beneficiary’s research accomplishments are critical in providing new technologies in medicine and biology to prevent health-related disease, illness and death. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 119 days.

 

• Physics Researcher – Quantum optics, medical diagnostics and imaging.

USCIS approved a petition for a quantum physics researcher. The researcher is a quantum physics scientist specializing in quantum optics, specifically lasing without inversion, electromagnetically induced transparency and bio-optical imaging. The researcher works in the field of quantum optics, specifically in the areas of lasing without inversion, electromagnetically induced transparency and bio-optical imaging. Evidence provided by our office in the National Interest petition proved that the beneficiary’s work in the area of light scattering in tissue-like media has important applications in medical diagnostics and imaging. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 41 days.

 

• Research Chemist – Cell migration as it relates to the treatment of diseases.

USCIS approved a petition for a chemistry researcher. The researcher is a materials science and nanotechnology scientist specializing in biomimic materials and biosensors.

The electronics industry’s requirements for faster computer processors and smaller computers have driven researchers to search for new technologies. National Interest evidence showed that one such project that the beneficiary is studying, the quantum cellular automata (QCA) project, had great potential to improve the U.S. economy through miniaturization of computer chips and enhancement of computation power.

The National Interest Waiver petition also showed that the beneficiary’s research in cell migration and cell adhesion could significantly improve public health care. National interest evidence included documents showing that the beneficiary’s research on artificial biomimic anisotropic gradient materials can provide an excellent template for cell migration and cell adhesion study, and will have enormous impact on public health care. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 153 days.

 

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Chemistry as it relates to nanofluidics and lab-on-a-chip technologies.

USCIS approved a petition for a postdoctoral research associate. The beneficiary works in the field of nanotechnology and specifically in the area of nanofluidics and lab-on-a-chip technologies.

The NIW petition showed that the researcher’s work has practical applications in the areas of medical analysis, pharmaceutical testing, and biological and/or chemical testing. The petitioner’s continuing research is aimed at developing new strategies to build highly integrated lab-on-a-chip technologies for applications in biomedicine, chemical sensing, chemical and biochemical threat agent detection and advanced chemical processing.

 

• Multi-disciplinary Scientist – Chemistry and chemical engineering, physics, electrical engineering, materials science, optics and mechanics as they relate to the development of soft lithography techniques and organic materials for molecular electronics.

USCIS approved a petition for a multi-disciplinary scientist who works in the field of semiconductors and flexible electronics. This scientist’s research focuses on semi-conducting materials for flexible ‘macroelectronic’ circuits, the development of soft lithography techniques, and organic materials for molecular electronics. This research is particularly vital to the U.S. semiconductor and nanotechnology industries.

The NIW petition showed that the work has led to the development of a new manufacturing technology which has recently been selected by the Wall Street Journal as the best semiconductor technology of the year in 2006. This research has important potential applications that range from sensors and drive electronics for integration into artificial muscles or biological tissues, to structural health monitors wrapped around aircraft wings, to stretchable electronic skins as parts of inflatable habitats for manned spaced exploration, and other devices that would be difficult or impossible to achieve with conventional forms of electronics.

 

• Genetics Engineering Researcher – Soybean research to enhance the health promoting value of soy foods and develop soybean pathogen resistance.

USCIS approved a petition for a genetics researcher working in the field of genetic engineering in agriculture in order to enhance the health promoting values of soy foods, understand the regulation mechanisms of phenylpropanoids in soybeans and develop soybean pathogen resistance.

The NIW petition showed that the researcher is undertaking cutting edge research aimed at developing biotechnology techniques to improve crop resistance to diseases and to improve the quality of crops for human and animal consumption. The work the engineer is doing is specifically in the areas of plant metabolism, soybean resistance to pathogens, design of new soybean varieties and determination of environmental effects on health promoting compounds.

 

• Materials Science Researcher – High-tech structural ceramics and ceramic composite processing.

USCIS approved a petition for a materials science researcher working in the field of high-tech structural ceramics has important applications in the aerospace, automotive, industrial (including oxide fuel cells) and bio-medical industries.

The NIW petition showed that the beneficiary developed two, three and mixed-layer fibrous monolithic composites resulting in significantly improved properties of the composites. Currently this scientist is undertaking research that is very likely to advance the field of high-tech structural ceramics and ceramic composite processing, including oxide ceramic multi-component composites and nano materials synthesis, powder processing and coating techniques in the United States. This research will improve existing products and create new products with increased manufacturing efficiency and competitiveness.

 

• Physics Researcher – Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) related to the growth and characterization of thin metallic films with applications in superconducting electronics.

USCIS approved a petition for a physics researcher who works in the field of material physics research involving the use of ultra high vacuums and a special instrument called the low energy electron microscope (LEEM). The impact of this research will undoubtedly be profound throughout the United States and the world.

The NIW petition shows that this research is important for understanding irradiation damage of materials, a crucial effect in space programs, accelerators and nuclear physics. This research has and will continue to have a significant national impact, contributing to the leadership of the U.S. in the semiconductor industry and advancing our country’s space program.

 

• Physics Researcher – Nanotechnology, polymer materials research and biomolecular systems.

USCIS approved a petition for a physics researcher who works in the fields of nanotechnology, polymer materials research and biomolecular systems has important applications for researchers in computational biophysics, chemistry and structural biology, as well as the pharmaceutical industry and the medical field.

The NIW petition showed that this researcher developed a computational method, called Analytical Linearized Poisson-Boltzmann (ALPB) that makes calculating the free energy performed during the drug search on the order of 100 times more accurate. This research in nanotechnology is providing a faster method of calculating the free energy of biomolecules in solution. The molecular modeling and simulation involved in this calculation is one of the most difficult problems in computational chemistry.

 

• Genomic Biologist – Bioenergy development and advanced molecular engineering approaches to facilitate the process of converting plant materials into biofuels.

USCIS approved a petition for a genomic biologist working in the field of genomic biology, more specifically, bioenergy development, involving taking advanced molecular engineering approaches to facilitate the process of converting plant materials into biofuels.

The NIW petition showed that this research is significant because it advances our basic understanding of the mechanism by which protein function may be modulated at the genetic level. This research is particularly vital to the U.S. national security because it will likely contribute to the development of biosensors for the purpose of detecting pathogens in everyday settings.

 

• Ecologist – Mosquito behavioral research and epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases.

USCIS approved a petition for an ecologist and researcher who works in the field of mosquito biology and ecology. Mosquitoes are important transmitters of disease, and this research contributes to knowledge about mosquito ecology which is essential for mosquito control and subsequent disease prevention.

The NIW petition showed that as a pioneer and authority in several critical technologies, this ecologist is an invaluable resource in ensuring the U.S. has the best available expertise in the area of mosquito ecology and subsequent disease prevention for diseases such as west Nile virus, La Crosse encephalitis and eastern equine encephalitis.

 

• Resource Efficiency Manager – Energy engineering specializing in energy efficiency, energy modeling, efficiency improvement and energy management for remote communities.

USCIS approved a petition for a resource efficiency manager who works in the field of energy engineering specializing in energy efficiency, whose research focuses on energy modeling, efficiency improvement and energy management for remote communities towards the greater national goal of energy conservation, reducing greenhouse gases and making better use of our natural resources.

The NIW petition showed that this research will be instrumental in saving citizens, businesses and the government money in energy costs, making the best use of natural resources, and reducing green house emissions.

 

• Chemist – DNAzyme and aptamer selection as it applies to the biosensor field.

USCIS approved a petition for a chemist who works in the field of inorganic chemistry research involving DNAzyme and aptamer selection and its application in the biosensor field.

The NIW petition showed the importance of this research in developing reliable detection devices for uranium and other toxic materials, which can cause serious health problems and lead to cancer or kidney damage. Additionally, this chemist is also working with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to develop a DNA bio-sensor for RDX, an explosive which is widely used in the military. It also can affect human health and plant growth as it is left behind in water and soil.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Chemical engineering related to the detection and analysis of toxic compounds and explosives in the air for homeland security.

USCIS approved a petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of chemical engineering and specifically in the area of micro gas chromatography involving the detection and analysis of trace amounts of toxic compounds and explosives in the air for homeland security. This researcher has developed preconcentrators for micro-gas analyzers to be used to better detect chemical warfare agents and potential explosives.

The NIW petition showed that this researcher’s work targets fundamental questions in the syntheses and applications of metal-organic framework materials (MOFs). MOFs are a new class of nanoporous functional materials that have been proposed for adsorbents in Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) detection, catalysis, hydrogen storage in automobiles, and other important applications related to the national interest such as environmental (agro- and industrial chemicals) testing, and chemical and biomedical applications. Due to the increased detection capabilities of these preconcentrators, this research will benefit the U.S. military, homeland security and the health of ordinary U.S. citizens.

 

• Process Engineer – Process development and value addition for the biofuels industry.

USCIS approved a petition for a process engineer working in the field of biofuels, biotechnology and process development. The engineer’s research focuses on the scale-up of the process for producing advanced fuels such as butanol and acetone from agricultural by-products such as starch and cellulose.

The NIW petition proved that the engineer’s current research efforts are part of a larger national research effort towards finding a solution for the fuel and energy challenge which is endangering the US economy and national security. This research is particularly vital to the U.S. current and future energy security, as well as environmental and economic well-being. It is worth noting that this is not a challenge unique to the United States, but rather a global challenge.

 

• Biochemist – Plant biochemistry research and plant metabolic networking involving biochemical profiling of plant tissues.

USCIS approved a petition for a biochemist whose research targets fundamental questions in the area of metabolite fingerprinting and profiling in order to understand plant growth and development.

The NIW petition emphasized the important applications of this research in understanding plant metabolism, determining environmental effects on health promoting compounds (for example, isoflavones that prevent cancer), increasing plant resistance to various pathogens, and increasing crop yields in U.S. crops.

 

• Computational Scientist – Computational geometry and mesh generation.

USCIS approved a petition for a computational scientist studying the problem of dynamic meshing for large-scale simulations of physical systems with highly evolving domain boundaries to provide predictive computer simulations.

The NIW petition recognized the scientist’s role in accurately simulating complex large-scale engineering systems such as airplanes, automobiles, and rockets. This research will provide the accurate prediction of the performance, reliability, and safety of complex physical systems through advanced computational simulations. The practical applications include the improvement of engineering designs for the following physical systems: shape optimization for accelerator cavities, rotating helicopter blades, burning propellant in rockets, projectile penetration, metal forging, and airflow around wings. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 182 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Materials science engineering related to the physics of electronic materials.

USCIS approved a petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the area of materials science engineering, with an emphasis on the physics of electronic materials such as phase change materials. This researcher analyzes the physical and chemical properties of materials utilizing optical, electrical, and surface techniques, and electron microscopy techniques.

The NIW petition emphasized the important applications of this research in the development of data storage technology and the next-generation non-volatile memories that would replace flash memories used in cellular phones, digital cameras and many other applications.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Civil and environmental engineering exploring sediment transport in coastal shelves.

USCIS approved a petition for a computational water resources engineer studying in the field of water resources engineering and environmental fluid mechanics and specifically in the area of sediment transport in the coastal shelf.

The NIW petition recognized the scientist’s role in addressing the complex problem of sediment scour and burial of sea-bed mines. The research and technologies that he is working on are critical to U.S. research efforts in the area of national security in protecting our military against ocean mines. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 172 days.

 

• Assistant Professor – Swine growth modeling and nutrition that predicts the effects of disease based on the amount of food consumed by swine.

USCIS approved a petition for an Assistant Professor working in a new area involving computer modeling of the development and consequences of diseases in swine.

The NIW petition recognized his role in addressing the complex issue of combining fundamental growth, nutrition, disease and genetic principles in a theoretical framework that can then be reproduced in computer programs by careful mathematical and computer programming techniques.

 

• Associate Research Professor – Chemical X-ray crystallography and structural elucidation of new chemicals and small molecule diffraction studies.

USCIS approved a petition for an Associate Research Professor working in chemical X-ray crystallography and specifically in the area of structural elucidation of new chemicals and small molecule diffraction studies.

The NIW petition recognized his expertise in the highly complex and sophisticated area of structural elucidation has advanced the understanding of compounds that show potential for anti-cancer activity, hydrogen storage, and removal of radioactive compounds from the environment.

 

• Assistant Professional Scientist – Environmental engineering related to water resources, watershed science and water quality modeling.

USCIS approved a petition for an Assistant Professional Scientist working in the field of water resources and specifically in the area of watershed science and water quality modeling. She researches the relationship between water quality and the management of complex human-environment interactions.

The NIW petition recognized her expertise in developing water quality models by using state of the art science to address real concerns of communities and the public.

 

• Research Assistant Professor – Aero-optics research to assist in the design of optical communication systems and directed energy weapon systems.

USCIS approved a petition for a Research Assistant Professor working in the field of Aero-optics, which are optical distortions created by high-speed air flows. These distortions can severely reduce the transmitted power of laser beams. This research is of particular interest to designers of optical communication systems and directed energy weapon systems.

The NIW petition recognized the beneficiary’s expertise in developing illumination sources for in-flight measurement of aero-optic flows using laser-induced breakdown sparks is an important contribution to the Air Force’s overall effort to develop airborne directed-energy weapons.

 

• Resident Physician – Transplantation and islet cell transplantation, including specialization in the transplant of pancreatic islets for the cure of diabetes.

USCIS approved a petition for a Resident Physician working in the field of transplant of pancreatic islets for the cure of diabetes. The beneficiary concluded an important study reporting the largest single center experience in the world of combined liver and intestine transplant in children from living donors.

The NIW petition recognized his scientific interest in the isolated and combined transplant of intestine and liver from living donors to pediatric patients.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Materials science related to drinking water distribution systems and the role of iron corrosion scales in the iron release process.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate working in the field of field of materials science and engineering and specifically in the area of environmental science and technology. The beneficiary concluded an important study in drinking water distribution systems and the role of iron corrosion scales in the iron release process.

The NIW petition recognized his scientific interest in research for changing water quality to develop meaningful and cost-effective solutions to iron release and colored water problems. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 144 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Organic chemistry used to advance anti-cancer and anti-aging drug research to better comprehend and treat chronic diseases associated with aging.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Researcher working in the field of field of organic chemistry and specifically in the area of synthetic methodology development and total synthesis of biologically active natural products. 

The NIW petition recognized his scientific interest in research involving the relationship between the molecule synthesis of natural products and their potential to serve as lead compounds for therapeuticals that will advance human health. The beneficiary’s I-140 and I-485 Adjustment of Status petitions were approved in 115 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Biotechnology used to determine three-dimensional (3D) structures of proteins that are important in designing drugs against infections caused by the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate studying in the field of biotechnology in the specific area of crystallographic determination of protein structure.

The NIW petition recognized the researcher’s role in her national research effort geared towards developing drugs to minimize secondary infections caused by bacterial pathogens and towards understanding the misfolding and degradation of cell proteins in order to create viable solutions to human diseases such as mad cow disease and Alzheimer’s.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Biochemistry as it relates to the dynamics of major histocompability complex (MHC) molecules in the immunological and peptide vaccine design field.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Researcher performing research in the area of biophysical research involving the study of the dynamics of major histocompability complex (MHC) molecules in the immunological and peptide vaccine design field.

The NIW petition recognized that his studies have lead to the development of peptide vaccines, which are used to sensitize naïve T-cells for clinical use in fighting against diseases such as cancer.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Molecular and cellular biology related to the regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes and the P450s.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate researching related to the regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes and, in particular, the P450s. The P450s are a superfamily of hemoproteins responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and toxins people ingest, as well as the biosynthesis of various compounds in the human body such as steroid hormones.

The NIW petition recognized that his research advancements in understanding the molecular basis of human diseases. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 25 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Molecular and integrative physiology related to breast cancer, specifically in the area of estrogen nuclear receptor biology.

USCIS approved a petition for a Postdoctoral Reseacher studying in the field of Molecular and cellular biology; specifically in the area of the regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes; researching the relationship and how the different dynamics influence immunological response. The beneficiary received a Ph.D. in Endocrinology and Metabolism and a Master’s of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.

The NIW petition recognized that his research contributions have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of cancer. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 26 days.

 

• Research Professional – Geophysics related to volcano-seismology which helps improve understanding of active volcanic processes and eruption forecasting which saves lives and mitigates the effects of volcanic hazards.

USCIS approved a petition for a Research Professional studying volcano-seismology.

This researcher developed the first, fully web-based seismic monitoring system for volcanoes. His research in the field of quantitative seismology is focused on enhancing real-time monitoring capabilities resulting in real-time catalogs, swarm alarm systems and improved tremor alarm systems. The infrastructure and procedural improvements as well as technical innovations in volcano seismic monitoring contribute substantially to public safety and the economy in the United States and globally. The research improves the understanding of active volcanic processes and eruption forecasting which increases saving of lives and mitigating the effects of volcanic hazards. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 43 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Molecular biology related to defining the functional roles of p23 molecular chaperone and cellular acetylation activities in the regulation of chromatin structure and transcription.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate. The researcher has a Ph.D. in Biochemistry. This researcher is extensively involved in studying chemical and biological functions of the nucleic acids, DNA and RNA.

The outcome of this research will facilitate designing drug-based and gene-based therapeutic strategies for treatment of many human pathologies, including Alzheimer’s and cancer. The information obtained from this research provides the critical background for understanding normal and pathological states of cell at the level of transcription, and facilitate development of novel therapeutic strategies to treat various diseases.” These contributions have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of infectious diseases as well as a number of different cancers.

Defining the functional roles of p23 molecular chaperone and cellular acetylation activities in the regulation of chromatin structure and transcription, as well as to determine the mechanisms by which these effects are executed, is a significant find in this field of study. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 48 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Cyber security research related to securing our nation’s smart grid.

USCIS approved a petition for a Research Scientist delving into cyber security at the Information Trust Institute; specifically securing our nation’s smart grid. Addressing the challenge of how to protect the nation’s power grid by significantly improving the way the power grid infrastructure is built, making it more secure, reliable, and safe is the basis of this research.

The National Science Foundation and Department of Energy-funded project, with support from the Department of Homeland Security, recognizes that today’s quality of life depends on the continuous functioning of the nation’s electric power infrastructure, which in turn depends on the health of an underlying computing and communication network infrastructure that is at serious risk from both malicious cyber attacks and accidental failures. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 153 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Physics and astronomy research related to nanotechnology, specifically related to scanning the probe microscopy of organic self-assembled structures and metal nanostructures.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate doing research related to nanotechnology; specifically scanning probe microscopy of organic self assembled structures and metal nanostructures. The focus of this research is on understanding how the self-assembled molecular structures can be coupled to suitable metal nanostructures to generate enhanced functional properties for optoelectronics applications.

This petitioner has a pending patent on the use of surface photovoltage microscopy for mechanical stress characterization in complementary metal oxide semiconductor and bipolar junction transistors which will be extremely valuable in the semiconductor industry.

The NIW petition recognized that his research contributions shows new methodologies based on quantum dots and metal nanoparticles that are very promising for early detection of cancer. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 48 days.

 

• Assistant Researcher Professor – Geophysics related to tracking volcanic ash clouds during a volcanic eruption.

USCIS approved a petition for an Assistant Research Professor researching operational predictions during a volcanic crisis and maintenance of the online web-based version of the Puff model. This professor has been solely responsible for the Puff model developments.

The Puff model is used worldwide and is the international standard in tracking volcanic ash. Under a volcanic crisis, the predictions made by the Puff model allow the decision making authorities at the National Weather Service to provide a quick assessment of the ash clouds future location. Then a volcanic ash advisory can be released. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 183 days.

 

• Associate Research Professor – Geochemistry as it relates to the development of innovative analytical protocols for isotope and elemental abundance measurements allowing government and law-makers to better regulate industries with regards to pollution control standards.

USCIS approved a petition for an Associate Research Professor researching and developing innovative measurement techniques involving the use of state-of-the-art laser ablation-ICP-MS instrumentation that permits isotope measurements within individual minerals at high spatial resolution.

The achievement in environmental-related studies allows government and law-makers to better regulate industries with regards to pollution control standards. This work is of vital fundamental interest because it can be used to further assess the possible link between the heavy metal contents in children’s teeth and incidence of childhood diseases such as autism, which was recognized by collaborative research investigation with pediatricians. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 183 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Physics pertaining to condensed matter research in the field of resonant soft x-ray scattering as it relates to layered complex oxides.

USCIS approved a petition for a Research Scientist investigating the highly complex and sophisticated field of condensed-matter physics and specifically in the area of oxide superlattices. This research is in the field of condensed matter and, in particular, experimental work in the field of resonant soft x-ray scattering as it relates to layered complex oxides. This researcher is an expert in a new technique called “resonant soft x-ray scattering” (RSXS).

The scientist’s key contributions to the field of soft x-ray scattering are the observation of electronic reconstruction in manganite superlattices and the measurement of layer-resolved charge distribution in cuprate superlattices. This achievement will allow the fabrication of structures with greater perfection than is otherwise possible and these advances have the potential to benefit the U.S. economy by improving the operation of actual and potential devices made by the microelectronics or energy industries. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 62 days.

 

• Assistant Professional Specialist – Chemistry and biochemistry research studying the mechanisms of resistance to antibiotics and the means to circumvent them, which aids cancer and stroke treatment.

USCIS approved a petition for an Assistant Professional Specialist who’s work crosses over into biomedical research and the fields of synthetic organic chemistry, biochemistry, structural biology, molecular biology, chemical glycobiology, structural biology and computational chemistry.

This Professor’s contributions to understanding the molecular processes that contribute to or block the progression of diseases, such as cancer and stroke, could lead to significant breakthroughs in prevention and treatment. The development of a strategy to overcome antibiotic resistance, particularly Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (“MRSA”) that kills approximately 20,000 people a year in the United States alone, is a crowning development for this researcher. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 56 days.

 

• Senior Scientist – Cellular and molecular biology in the field of bio-medicine conducting as it relates to the investigation of molecular mechanisms of osteoclast differentiation and activation under inflammatory conditions.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for this researcher who develops specific genetic mouse model systems and novel technologies for the study and discovery of effective gene therapy and imaging techniques for the advancement of human health.

As a graduate student, this scientist discovered an important signaling molecule, the JAK3 gene, from a breast cancer cell line. This discovery continues to play a significant role in understanding the Jak-Stat signaling pathway of the immune function and carcinogenesis. This research is focused on generating retroviruses, adenovirus-mediated therapy and mouse model systems for the blocking of osteoclastgenesis in vitro and in vivo. The research being done by this researcher provides pathways for further understanding on how to create new treatment, new therapy and new diagnosis for some of the most serious health conditions. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 110 days.

 

• Senior Refrigeration Engineer – Thermal science as it relates to refrigeration, air conditioning and fixed-area expansion devices.

USCIS approved a petition for this researcher who focuses on ways to better improve and modify components of the refrigeration system to harmonize the operation of simpler, less expensive components.

This researcher and co-workers are working to develop the next generation of environmentally friendly and energy-efficient refrigeration systems. The research is focused on ways to better improve and modify other components of the refrigeration system to harmonize the operation of simpler, less expensive components. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 69 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Chemistry as it relates to semiconductor technology, specifically related to turning natural gas into a diamond in a highly controlled, reproducible process.

USCIS approved a petition for a researcher who is developing a mechanical alternative for heart transplants; harnessing the superlative properties of nature’s perfect material (diamond) by turning natural gas into diamond in a highly controlled, reproducible process for a variety of industrial, electronic and medical applications, and a project to develop electrochemical techniques to purify water based upon conductive electrodes made from diamond. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 110 days.

 

• Assistant Researcher Professor – Permafrost science in the field of cold climate hydrology as it relates to coastal transportation and safety.

USCIS approved a petition for this assistant research professor in the field of cold climate hydrology and specifically in the area of permafrost science which studies how climate change effects cold region hydrology.

The results of the research gathered at the new real-time weather stations will report weather conditions in regions where no other data is available. This data is a crucial component in coastal transportation and safety. In the event of an emergency, such as a clean-up or rescue situation, rescue teams need accurate real-time data.   The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 119 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Chemical biology in the field of nanotribology, specifically in the study of polymer interfaces as lubricious and non-fouling surfaces.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for this chemical biology postdoctoral researcher in the field of nanotribology and specifically in the area of polymer interfaces as lubricious and non-fouling surfaces.

This research involves the modification of surfaces with polymer brushes, which are chains of macromolecules attached on a surface with only one or a few anchor points, and at high grafting densities, such that the chains are crowded and extend away from the surface, in order to control their interfacial properties such as adhesion, lubrication, viscoelasticity, and wettability. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 137 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Transportation science and technology research leading to more reliable travel time and travel demand forecasts on highways, helping to manage congestion, encourage better allocation of highway funds, and promote safer road transportation.

USCIS approved a petition for this researcher who focuses on research leading to more reliable travel time and travel demand forecasts on highways, helping to manage congestion, encourage better allocation of highway funds, and promote safer road transportation.

Research focuses on predicting driver response to innovative travel demand management strategies that encourage the use of, and investments in, existing transportation infrastructure. The study benefits the national interest to manage increasing levels of congestion and reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with the transportation sector. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 73 days.

 

• Assistant Researcher Professor – Geophysical sciences related to the correction of ionospheric and tropospheric effects in radar signals for the application of radar data toward tracking of moving objects.

Correction of ionospheric and tropospheric effects in radar signals for the application of radar data towards tracking of moving objects.

This work is of great interest for scientific, military, security, and search-and-rescue operations. Correction of ionospheric effects on radar data is essential for highly accurate mm-scale measurement of surface deformations associated with geohazards such as volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides, land subsidence and disruption of built infrastructure using spaceborne radar. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 127 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Associate – Physics and nanotechnology characterizing the evolution and interactions of organisms and biological systems.

Nanotechnology characterizing the evolution and interactions of organisms and biological systems and treatment of systems that are far from equilibrium.

This research relates to how proteins regulate access to genes in the context of cell fate choice in the immune system and has direct implications for treating autoimmune pathologies and improving vaccination strategies. Developing a mathematical and computational framework to assess the extent to which anti-HIV antibodies act to modulate viral load. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 91 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Electrical engineering related to the use of digital design optimization techniques and the multi-match packet classification engine to achieve significantly high computer networking throughputs while minimizing power consumption.

The use of digital design optimization techniques and, the multi-match packet classification engine to achieve significantly high computer networking throughputs while minimizing power consumption is the basis of this study

This research involves the design of optimized matching circuits and behavior analysis engines at a system level that has offered great contributions in the area of network intrusion detection. This researcher has extended the ideas of abnormality detection to biomedical applications such as heart beats to identify irregularities in cardiac behavior, receiving great attention for automation in bio-related fields such as clinical and telemedicine applications, which has a significant impact on health-care, contributing to the well-being of human lives.

The importance of this research is that it will benefit the design and implementation of network intrusion detection systems both in terms of high performance including throughput and accuracy, as well as hardware resources and power efficiency. It not only detects abnormalities such as existing worm and viruses, but also detects new and previously unknown worm outbreaks. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 103 days.

 

• Scientist – Bioinformatics related to understanding the evolutionary origin of infectious diseases such as HIV.

This outstanding researcher has had significant impact on understanding the evolutionary origin of infectious diseases such as HIV as endogenous retroviruses are closely related to exogenous retroviruses of which HIV is included.   The research explores the relationship between repetitive DNA elements and nucleosome binding and its impact on human gene expression.

This scientist is an expert in genetic and epigenetic analysis of next generation sequencing data which has revolutionized the scientific arena and is likely to become the mainstay of scientific analyses in the future. The importance of this research is that it is having a significant impact on understanding the evolutionary origin of infectious diseases.   The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 144 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Immunology as it relates to asthma and cancer research.

This research scientist works in the field of immunology as it relates to asthma and cancer research. The scientist has been involved in the Tumor Microenvironment Network project, the goal of this project is to combine the efforts of leading US cancer research laboratories to enable a better understanding of the pathophysiology of cancer and to expedite the finding of effective cancer therapeutics.

Recently, this researcher found that lung tumors often induce remote production of immune cells that travel to tumors and promote tumor growth, so is currently investigating the mechanisms by which the mobilization and recruitment of these cells is controlled. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 58 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher Associate – Analytical, bioanalytical and material chemistry, specifically in the area of conducting polymer nanocomposites.

This postdoctoral researcher works in the fields of analytical, bioanalytical and material chemistry and specifically in the highly complex and sophisticated area of conducting polymer nanocomposites. This and other versatile polymers have broader applications in energy and environmental fields and hold great promise in overcoming the modern world energy crisis and environmental issues. Green chemistry devises chemical products and processes that minimize or eradicate the use or generation of toxic substances.

The research focuses on enhancing the strength of polyurethane foam by incorporating carbon nanotubes, which, because of their superior mechanical properties such as being fifty times the specific strength of steel and being excellent, load-bearing reinforcements in composites, are considered the ideal form of fiber.

Future aerospace vehicles and their novel design concepts depend on new, lightweight composites to permit significant reduction of weight and size of components. A spacecraft with carbon nanotube composites has a 50% deduction in weight, which is substantial and will revolutionize material science as well as human space exploration. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 30 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Biochemistry, specifically in the research and discovery of antifungal drugs.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research scientist that works in the field of Biochemistry and specifically research and discovery of antifungal drugs.   Their work has involved cloning genes to express important proteins and test their biochemical activities. The scientist developed a plethora of biological reagents and assays that have been critical to research efforts. The research also plays a very important role in understanding tRNA synthetase enzymes as a drug target, which has been the focus of many pharmaceutical industries, which work on antibiotic development.

The NIW petition recognized this petitioner’s contribution to the advancement of AN2690 as a potential new antifungal therapy. The discovery of AN2690 was published in Science. Identification of the specific mechanism of action for this drug candidate was a direct outcome of petitioner’s work and is a significant step in the advancement of this potential therapy. AN2690 is in Phase 3 clinical development and has been licensed by major pharmaceutical companies.

 

• Geotechnical Engineer – Signal processing methods research used to find ways to incorporate micro sensors in civil infrastructure that are capable of on-demand performance monitoring.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for an engineer working with signal processing methods research, trying to find innovative ways to incorporate micro sensors in civil infrastructure that are capable of on-demand performance monitoring.   This petitioner’s research encompasses the use of innovative methods to analyze spectral data that are produced by sensors that monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s research focusing on using Empirical Mode Decomposition and Hilbert-Huang transform to analyze time series data and his work to find innovative ways to incorporate micro sensors in civil infrastructure that are capable of on-demand performance monitoring. The petitioner’s work will help make civil infrastructure much safer and more reliable.

 

• Associate Research Scientist – Immunobiology related to Type 2 diabetes and obesity.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for an associate research scientist working in the field of immunobiology and specifically research on Type2 diabetes and obesity. He identified MCP-I as a soluble factor from adipocye sensing glucose deprivation and identified the mechanism of MCP-I to cause adipose tissue inflammation and following insulin resistance in vivio.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s research focusing on immunological regulation to control energy metabolism and his research on an important blood cell population to control immune system and how it is involved in mammalian energy metabolism. Petitioner is studying to identify what molecule is involved in the macrophage function to regulate glucose metabolism.

 

• Research Assistant Professor – Political science and international relations in the area of conflict resolution and peace research.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research assistant professor working specifically in the highly complex and sophisticated area of conflict resolution and peace research. The implications of petitioner’s findings in the field of international relations and peace research is significant as his research suggests how democracy can be promoted in inhospitable post-civil war environments and how such democracy promotion would lead to a sustainable peace.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s work helping policy makers and researchers in the United States and internationally craft better policies on issues related to the promotion of democracy and sustained peace.

 

• Visiting Research Assistant Professor – Electrical engineering focusing on semiconductors and nanowire optics.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for an electrical engineer currently focusing on semiconductors and nanowire optics. This petitioner has devoted a large portion of his studies to investigating the absorption of nanowires. This is important parameter which determines the functional efficiencies of solar cells and light emitting diodes, which are considered the next generation of light and energy sources.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s focus on the studies of single CdSe quantum dots, RG6 and terrylene molecules using an apertureless near-field scanning optical microscopy. For the first time in the world the scientist was able to improve the optical resolution achieved on fluorophores to ~25 nm FWHM and detected ~10 times enhancement of emission induced by sharp Si probes.

 

• Research Scientist III – Electrical and computer engineering and the related specialties of signal processing, parameter estimation, artificial intelligence, and data mining.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research scientist working in the highly complex and sophisticated field of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the related specialties of signal processing, parameter estimation, artificial intelligence, and data mining. Their research has focused on the design and analysis of signals and the systems which generate these signals. In particularly, creating mathematical models that analyze signals, systems, and structures to generate important discoveries in various fields.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s work in the field of cardiac electrophysiology and heart disease identification focusing on diagnosing critical heart diseases such as myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction. Petitioner’s outstanding acumen in his field has resulted in significant scientific developments in predicting motor and permanent magnet generator failure, and mathematically modeling consumer behavior and predicting demand.

 

• Research Scientist – Entomology as it relates to solving agricultural and crop production problems.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research scientist working in the field of entomology as it relates to solving agricultural and crop production problems, in order to boost agricultural productivity to maximum sustainable levels to keep pace with the growing needs of our world’s rapidly expanding population.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s work investigating the genetic variation and gene flow of the fall armyworm. The findings are important in understanding the dispersal of the pest, monitoring the spread of insecticide, resistance monitoring against transgenic crops, and implementing area-wide management programs. The study on susceptibility of fall armyworm to insecticides showed that rotational and combined application of insecticides helped to delay insecticide resistance development and prolong life span of the products as well as to reduce insecticide load into the environment.

 

• Research Programmer – Software engineering for the digital humanities.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research programmer working in the field of software engineering and specifically digital humanities. He developed the web-based Meandre Workbench workflow authority application.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s work as lead designer and developer for the Software Environment for Advancement of Scholarly Research. It is designed to enable digital humanities developers to rapidly design, build, and share software applications that support research and collaboration.

 

• Senior Engineer – Electrical engineering related to telecommunication networks for improvements to antennas, electromagnets, optics and femtocells.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a senior engineer working with telecommunication networks as they relate to improvements on antennas, electromagnets, optics and femtocells. The research has had a substantial impact on the overall understanding of new advancements in telecommunication and wireless technology.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s expertise and interest in metamaterials and optical devices that are at the forefront of telecommunications technology and are crucial to overcoming various engineering obstacles. In particular, research into metamaterials and its application in antenna miniaturization and high-resolution imaging as well as optical nanoparticle antennas that have made critical advancements.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Neuroscience, specifically in the analytical field of neurotransmitter function.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of neuroscience for the contribution of contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the specialty area of neural dopamine signaling. The work has had a significant impact in the analytical field of neurotransmitter function.

The NIW petition recognized petitioner’s novel treatment of addiction. His unique expertise in a methodological approach that will revolutionize the way scientists study the brain reward system that is ultimately affected by drugs of abuse. His work on brain reward processes is very important in terms of the insight it will reveal with regard to new therapeutics in the fight against drug abuse.

 

• Research Associate – Transportation analysis and traffic management.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver for a research associate working in the field of transportation analysis and traffic management. Petitioner’s research uses the highest level of mathematics and modeling techniques to exploit patterns and rhythms of minute-by-minute changes in movement and flow in a metropolitan area so that traffic can be redirected in real time to optimally chosen routes. This will result in smooth flow of traffic, less air pollution, and reduction in the use of gasoline which will result in a more vibrant economy.

The NIW petition recognized the practical applications of petitioner’s research produce benefits on a national and international scale. Petitioner’s findings in the area of traffic management and food security are enormous. These methods are being utilized not only in the United States but in other nations as well. The practical applications of petitioner’s research significantly contribute to the overall health in the United States and extend beyond its borders.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Nanotechnology and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS).

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of nanotechnology and micro-electro-mechanical systems. The petitioner is a leading and internationally recognized scholar within the field of advanced life science nanotechnology and the semiconductor industry and has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the afore mentioned specialties.

This petitioner’s research contributions have led to the improvement and advancement of techniques in the environmental microsensors field, which is an area of vital importance to the defense, national security, environment and economy of the United States and globally. His capability to develop processes for semiconductor devices has tremendous potential to affect the semiconductor market share of U.S. companies and the greater worldwide semiconductor market. The petitioner currently works as a Postdoctoral Research Associate at a prestigious laboratory for studying MEMS fabrication, electrochemical sensors, and Optical MEMS sensors.

 

• Assistant Professor – Molecular biology in the area of molecular parasitology as it relates to infectious diseases, drug resistance and development.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of Molecular Biology. Petitioner’s research has been most beneficial to the molecular epidemiology of Leishmanias, an infectious disease that affects approximately 12 million people in 88 countries. In addition to Leishmanias, his research has provided many insights into diseases by other intracellular pathogens like tuberculosis and vector-borne diseases like malaria.

The NIW petition recognized that petitioner’s work provides pathways for further understanding on how to create medicinal solutions for some of the most serious health conditions facing people living in these regions as well as United States workers, specifically Military Personnel deployed in South/Central Asia and the Middle East. His research has benefited and will continue to benefit the health of the U.S. population, U.S. policy makers, and decision makers and thereby resulting in positive effects on the greater public and the U.S. economy.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Microbiology focusing on microbial ecology, rumen microbiology, and munitions biodegradation.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of microbiology. Petitioner is a leading and internationally recognized scholar within the field of advanced life science and has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the afore-mentioned specialties.

The NIW petition recognized that petitioner is one of a handful of experts in the world with expertise in these areas of national and international significance. In his search to understand the genetics of disease resistance in animals, petitioner is using the chicken as a model to test resistance to avian tumors. His original contributions have led to groundbreaking developments and have opened new avenues of research for improving the genetic resistance of the chicken to Marek’s Disease.

 

• Research Scientist – Microbiology in the area of microbial metabolism.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research scientist working in the field of microbiology. is at the forefront of new research and development that will harness advanced knowledge in biology, the physical sciences, engineering, environmental and social sciences to create usable solutions to global energy challenges, therefore reducing the impact of fossil fuels on global warming.

The practical applications of petitioner’s research have benefits on a national and international scale. Petitioner’s unique skills and meticulous work will allow the United States to become more energy independent. It will also allow for the development of cleaner energy resources for the overall global goal of clean air and environmental protection.

 

• Postdoctoral Scholar – Smart structures and the related specialties of morphing aircraft and morphing rotor blades.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral scholar working in the field of smart structures and the related specialties of morphing aircraft and morphing rotor blades. Petitioner is a leading and internationally recognized scholar within the field of aerospace engineering and has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research. Petitioner’s research contributions have led to the improvement and advancement of techniques in the areas of morphing aircraft and smart structures in the United States and globally.

The NIW petition articulated that petitioner’s research targets important and fundamental questions in the field of morphing and smart structures including the integration of innovative materials in novel structural designs to achieve so-called intelligent structures capable of both bearing loads while changing configuration or shape upon the sensing of external stimuli. His research has produced several international publications and resulted in the award of E.U. and U.S. patents for a novel actuator and flap assembly for aeronautical use.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Material science engineering, specifically, computational materials science and thermodynamic modeling.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral researcher working in the field of material science engineering. Petitioner is currently focusing his research on atomistic calculations of transport properties under conditions similar to irradiation. His research is breaking new ground in the understanding the microstructural evolutions of materials in aggressive environments such as nuclear energy. His work is answering the need for innovative energy resources that are both environmentally safe and economically viable.

The NIW petition focuses on petitioner’s research work that will advance nuclear energy technology. The growth of this technology is important to both the United States and other nations from around the world in the urgency to meet future energy needs while reducing atmospheric pollutants.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Civil engineering emphasizing transportation systems engineering as it relates to highway safety and traffic operations.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of civil engineering. Petitioner’s research focuses on data analyses and the application of statistical methods to improve highway safety. In particular, petitioner has developed and mastered highly sophisticated experimental techniques in traffic microsimulation and traffic detection technologies. The projects that petitioner is working on, at one of the pioneer centers in the United States for studying transportation systems engineering, are at the forefront of this field.

Petitioner demonstrated exceptional skill in the use of advanced statistical modeling combined with a deep knowledge in the use of traffic simulation modeling and traffic detection technologies of which only a handful of researchers worldwide have competency at his skill level. This unique combination of skill sets enabled petitioner to perform in-depth analytical consideration of significant highway safety countermeasures such as advance warning systems at signalized intersections.

 

• Postdoctoral Scholar – Analytical chemistry, specifically in pseudouridine detection and characterization using mass spectrometry.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a postdoctoral scholar working in the field of analytical chemistry. Petitioner works in the field of analytical chemistry, specifically pseudouridine detection and characterization by mass spectrometry. She is an internationally known researcher in her specialty area ranging from lipid biology to the study of the human proteome and the impact of ribonucleic acid (RNA) modifications. Petitioner utilizes mass spectrometry to address biological issues of significance such as obesity, stroke and cancer. She is an expert in the use of bioimaging and SIMS imaging. She is one of only a handful of researchers in the world with the skills necessary for the mapping of lipids and using these methods have allowed her to target mutated modifications that are pathologically significant to the detection of disease.

There is a great public demand for cures to heart disease, cancer and other diseases that destroy the quality and longevity of life for both Americans and individuals around the world. Petitioner is part of a research team which is trying to overcome these problems by targeting their source the human body and by providing safe and effective drugs for the treatment and cure of these illnesses.

 

• Clinical Cytogenetics Fellow – Cancer research focusing on human genetics.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a clinical cytogenetics fellow in the field of cancer research focusing on human genetics. Petitioner is an internationally known researcher in his specialty area of human genetics.   His work is recognized as being of substantial intrinsic merit on a national scope. The primary focus of petitioner’s research is to understand the epigenetic changes associated with radiation-induced genomic instability, which is thought to be an early event in radiation carcinogenesis.

Petitioner is involved in testing for all the disorders from the point the patient samples are received in the lab to the time the results are reported out to the ordering physician. Petitioner’s research efforts go beyond the laboratory testing of patients. He is also responsible for quality control, assurance and improvement of the laboratory. Petitioner develops new laboratory tests based on the improvements in the understanding of diseases and the treatment options available.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Computer science in the areas of smart grid security and control systems security.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of computer science. Petitioner works in the field of computer science, specifically in the areas of smart grid security and control systems security. His important research also extends into security for the rapidly developing cloud computing system. Petitioner is currently focusing his research on development of a centralized access control solution for industrial control systems like SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) and DCS (Distributed Control Systems), facilitating least-privilege access control across the distributed control systems.

The NIW petition stated that petitioner’s work is answering the need for an in-depth understanding of security requirements for various types of information systems, construction of prototype implementations, and performance and usability of proposed systems. In addition to petitioner’s current research efforts in the development of important cyber security systems, petitioner was the first to demonstrate an indirect attestation paradigm that allowed end users the ability to define their own acceptable platform configurations. This development allowed end users to develop solutions to critical problems associated with Trusted Computing attestation.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Oncology specializing in skin and hematological cancers.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research fellow working in the field of oncology. Petitioner works in the field of oncology, specifically in the area of skin and hematological cancers (blood, bone marrow and lymph node cancers). He is currently focusing his research on important and fundamental questions as they relate to inhibitors and therapeutic targets against these terminal diseases. He played a pivotal role in altering the rules of nuclear mechanisms like transcription by introducing the challenging method of extracting and purifying a nuclear enzyme necessary for in vitro assays. He is one of few researchers in the world with specialized expertise in the assessment methodology of the metastatic potential of a tumor in many forms of cancer.

The petitioner’s research has significantly contributed in the demonstration of the anti-proliferative effects of Schlafen 5 in malignant melanoma cells. He has proven that this human protein coding gene has antimelanoma effects and inhibits cell invasion during metastasis. This work will have profound effects on the treatment of skin cancer patients. In addition, petitioner has shown that leukemia can also be regulated and inhibited by this novel family of proteins. His findings reveal the same mechanism is able to prevent the proliferation of leukemic cells by causing cell death, offering the potential of permanent remission. The implications of petitioner’s research are enormous since these types of malignancies are aggressive in nature and in most cases resistant to chemotherapy. His research could significantly contribute to a reduction in number of deaths due to cancer.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Organic synthetic chemistry focusing on natural product synthesis as it relates to medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a postdoctoral researcher working in the field of organic synthetic chemistry. Petitioner works in the field of organic synthetic chemistry, specifically in the area of natural product synthesis as it relates to medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry. He is currently focusing his research on the total synthesis of natural products isolated from the green alga, Alvrain villea nigricans, important in the fight against breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, as well as head and neck cancer.

The petitioner was the first to thoroughly design and synthesize the molecule, Calcaridine A. The significance of this work is that the alkaloids previously isolated from the same family of sponge have been shown to have the anitbiotics, nitricoxide synthase inhibitors, and cytoxic activities. Petitioner also developed a number of synthetic methods for the total and rapid synthesis of 2-Aminoimidazole alkaloids in the Oroidin and Leucetta families. The implications of petitioner’s research are enormous since his research work could significantly and directly contribute to a reduction in number of cancer related deaths.

 

• Research Scientist – Computational science and scientific visualization in the areas of visual analytics and simulation.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a research scientist working in the field of computational science and scientific visualization. Petitioner works specifically in the area of visual analytics and simulation. His key research contributions in the areas of analysis and visualization of the properties of molecules and structures have led to advances in quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) simulation.

The petitioner’s advances in 3D visualization allow computational chemists and chemical engineers to improve comprehension and make better informed decisions based on the output from these more accurate quantum mechanics (QM) treatment of active site portions of protein and ligands. These advances in understanding enzymatic mechanisms benefit the U.S. economy and improve health care by contributing to improved rational drug design. Petitioner has made substantial contributions to the visualization and analysis of materials simulation data.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Computer science semantic web, federated architecture, service computing, and security.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research fellow working in the field of computer science. Petitioner works in the area of semantic web, federated architecture, service computing and security. The importance of petitioner’s research is her creation of intelligent software applications. Her work enables software to have accurate and advanced searches as well as ranking and integration of data. It is critical for distributed federated applications to be able to analyze the structure of information and correctly align it to prevent anomalies and provide for intelligent searches.

As part of her research work, the petitioner has successfully used graph and data mining algorithms to enhance the overall information retrieval performance of web applications. She has developed and implemented special algorithms and techniques for the creation of a novel ranking system for ranking ontologies applicable to very large data sets. Her work removes the restraints and constraints of using single machines. These algorithms for ontology computations have greatly improved research in the fields of bioinformatics for gene ontology and disease ontology.

 

• Research Scientist – Parasitology related to malaria and the parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research scientist working in the field of parasitology. For well over a decade, petitioner has been engaged in research in the area of parasitology and, more specifically, in the area of malaria and the parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

The petitioner is working with partners across the world to find a cure for malaria in a global collaboration among leading institutions in North America, Europe and Asia. Malaria infects about 400 million people worldwide every year, and kills between 1 million and 3 million. Two parasites, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, widely cause the disease, but petitioner has focused on Plasmodium falciparum because it is both deadlier and amenable to culture in the laboratory. The NIW petition articulated that petitioner works in a highly specialized area and that she is one of only a few people in the world that possesses the necessary practical and theoretical knowledge to effectively complete the necessary research in this specialization of parasitology.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Nanotechnology and semiconductors focusing on spintronics and nanoscale high-speed electronics.

USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of nanotechnology and semiconductors. Petitioner works in the in the highly complex and sophisticated area of spintronics and nanoscale high-speed electronics. Petitioner’s research in the specialized field of spintronics has had a significant impact on the semiconductor field of research due to the demand of spintronic mechanisms for memory chip integration. The practical implications of her work are high-speed switching transistors in memory chips and CMOS circuits.

The current project of the petitioner is at the forefront of the emerging field of semiconductor spintronics which exploits both the intrinsic spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment, in addition to its fundamental electronic charge, in solid-state devices. This is considered to be one of the few available options to further decrease the size of microelectronics devices in order to minimize the cost of production and power consumption.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Molecular virology, veterinary infectious diseases, and swine immunology.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a postdoctoral research associate working in the field of molecular virology, veterinary infectious diseases, and swine immunology. Petitioner’s current research focuses on the inhibitory effects of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) on interferon induction in cell culture and in pigs. PRRSV is a devastating disease that currently costs the U.S. pork industry more than six-hundred million dollars ($600,000,000) annually with a cumulative cost of more than a billion per year when production related costs such as veterinary care and biosecurity measures are also considered. Thus, the focus area of petitioner’s research is of national and international interest to the entire pork industry.

 

• Research Assistant Professor – Physical radiation chemistry and the kinetics of association reactions in high pressure and high temperature water.

The USCIS approved a National Interest Waiver petition for a research assistant professor working in the field of physical radiation chemistry, specifically related to the kinetics of important association reactions in high pressure and high temperature water. Petitioner’s use of complex pulse radiolysis techniques in his experimentation with UV detection produced a large quantity of kinetic data critical to modeling chemical processes in the next generation of nuclear reactor cooling systems. His work is answering the need for environmentally safe energy resources and the conservation of natural resources with the development of modern nuclear reactors which are replacing carbon emitting coal reactors.

This petitioner is also internationally known for his scientific discoveries in understanding the radiation driven processes in polymer solutions leading to the formation of thermosensitive polymeric materials, also known as smart hydrogels. Petitioner’s background in the radiation chemistry of macromolecules included researching new materials for modern photoresist for extreme UV photolithography. His research will help determine the size of modern microchips in future electronic devises.

 

• Assistant Professor of Body Imaging – Radiology and interventional radiology related to the study of life-threatening cancers, novel techniques of prevention, and early diagnosis and treatment.

The USCIS approved a NIW petition for a research assistant professor working in the field of radiology and interventional radiology. Petitioner works on the study of life-threatening cancers, novel techniques of prevention, and early diagnosis and treatment.

The petitioner is nationally and internationally recognized for his cutting-edge research on borderline ovarian tumors through his incorporation of recent advances in histopathology, molecular biology and cytogenetics, which are producing promising results. This unique group of tumors has the potential of turning into ovarian cancer, but can be less threatening than more deadly forms of ovarian cancer. Other researchers and scientists have had difficulty distinguishing these subtypes of borderline ovarian tumors from invasive cancers. Petitioner’s work has advanced the scientific communities understanding of these borderline tumors. He created a simplified algorithmic approach for management and diagnosis of these tumors which is expected to lead the way toward the facilitation of accurate diagnosis and differentiation from advanced ovarian malignancy benefitting women all over the world, specifically those who desire to preserve fertility.

 

• Postdoctoral Neuropharmacologist – Neuroscience in the areas of neurotrama, neuropharmacology, and the treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

The USCIS approved a NIW petition for a postdoctoral neuropharmacologist working in the field of neuroscience. Petitioner works in the field of neuroscience, specifically in the area of neurotrama, neuropharmacology and the treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is a “serious public health problem” according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). It affects 1.7 million Americans annually and “is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts normal brain function.” Petitioner’s research is directly benefiting civilians and soldiers dealing with the effects of TBI. Protection of surviving cells in the brain after a head trauma is crucial to both recovery and future brain function.

In addition, the petitioner’s current study of the metabolic role of the phospho-creatine system in mouse models of creatine deficiency causing, L-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) knockout is vital to scientists looking for new insights creatine deficiency syndromes like mental retardation, expressive speech and language delay, autistic like behavior, hyperactivity, epilepsy and movement disorders. Petitioner’s critical research work in these areas of TBI is contributing significantly to the understanding of neuronal damage in central nervous system injury and accelerating the discovery and implementation of therapeutic treatments for TBI and other brain related disorders.

 

• Research Associate – Radar meteorology and microwave engineering emphasizing polarimetric phased array antennas.

This petitioner works in the highly complex and sophisticated field of radar meteorology and microwave engineering and specifically in the area of polarimetric phased array antennas. Petitioner designed a data collection experiment for the specific purpose of enhancing the azimuth resolution of weather radars using Aperture Synthesis with ground-based weather radars. The practical applications of this work resulted in enhanced detection and localization of aircraft and other man-made objects by means of mechanical scanning, ground-based radars, and applicability especially to Air-Traffic Control (ATC) radar. In addition, petitioner initiated the concept design of airship-borne radar for maritime surveillance and tsunami early-warning.

The NIW petition recognizes that petitioner has developed unique approaches in polarimetric signal processing aimed at the mitigation of the bias in polarimetric variables due to antenna cross-channel coupling, with profound implications for some of the most complex aspects of antenna design which is relevant for the development of next generation phased array antennas. These innovative structures have been investigated by the international community over the last few decades because of their potential to improve aircraft performance and efficiency, both at the military and civil levels. This has the potential to benefit the weather surveillance industry, including the military and the commercial air industry in the United States and ultimately to improve the U.S. economy.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Computational biochemistry and computer aided drug design.

This NIW petitioner works in the field of computational biochemistry and computer aided drug design. His research is focused on the study of molecular mechanisms of protein aggregation; this aggregation is the fundamental cause of central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and prion diseases. He played a critical role in developing a cost-effective, rapid, and precise procedure for analysis of HIV drug combination. HIV/AIDS is an incurable disease affecting individuals across the globe. A common problem in Africa is the drug counterfeiting; therefore the development of analytical methods for their quality control is crucial.

 

• Research Scientist – Reliability engineering specifically related to the cyber security of critical infrastructures.

The petitioner’s research is focused on the detection of adverse attacks against critical power grid infrastructures. He identifies malicious behavior in Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). AMI is a set of communication networks utilized by utility companies to connect millions of smart meters. Petitioner has been able to diagnose problems arising in the detection of misbehaviors in power grid security maintenance and strengthen the system against terrorist acts aimed at the control networks. He is responsible for the development of the first comprehensive threat model for AMI as well as a complete specification-based intrusion detection system.

The petitioner is currently working on a project aimed at security breaches in user accounts in academic and corporate IT environments. He has developed an innovative and highly accurate technique combining machine learning techniques and domain knowledge (i.e. Gee-locating Internet Protocol Addresses). This NIW petitioner continues to conduct research on intrusion detection, automated response action, security state estimation, and bad-data detection algorithm and he is currently the Principal Investigator for two Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) contracts on intrusion detection systems for advanced metering infrastructure.

 

• Research Assistant – Materials science and engineering specifically related to green building and construction materials.

The petitioner works in the highly complex and sophisticated field of materials science and engineering and specifically in the area photo catalyst and material characterization as it relates to the semiconductor and ceramic. A key component of petitioner’s work involves working on energy-efficient Low Temperature Sintering (LTS) technology for manufacturing green building and construction materials. This new technology features 93% lower energy consumption and carbon-negative nature (CO2 sequestration instead of Co2 emission) compared with the current, conventional cement production process. The beneficiary’s NIW petition was approved in 24 days.

 

• Research Fellow – Biochemistry and cell biology in the area of biology of viral replication and assembly of the Ebola virus.

The petitioner has made significant contributions to the field of biochemistry and cell biology, specifically in the area of biology of viral replication and assembly as it relates to the Ebola virus. The Ebola virus causes fatal hemorrhagic fever with mortality reaching as high as 90%. With no FDA approved vaccine or drug treatment, Ebola remains an important lethal virus that can weaponized by terrorists as biological weapon. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) lists the Ebola virus as a Category A high priority agent on their Strategic Plan for public health preparedness in the event of a biological terrorist threat. Ebola infects humans as well as other primates such as chimps and other recreational animals. It therefore poses great risk to public health and safety. Petitioner’s research on understanding the molecular basis of Ebola virus assembly will lead to a potential drug target for effective treatment of this hemorrahagic virus a time response in the event of a biological threat. His research work will also significantly impact drug design and development for other viral diseases like HIV.

 

• Research Scientist – Chemistry, specifically peptide synthesis related to designing and synthesizing glucagon-like peptide-1 analogs with modifications aimed to improve enzyme stability and enhance biological activity.

Designing and synthesizing glucagon-like peptide-1 analogs with modifications aimed to improve enzyme stability and enhance biological activity. Petitioner’s research is focused on peptide synthesis related to the creation of peptides with resistance to the digestion of proteins by cellular enzymes or intermolecular digestion, specific to targeted organs. The development of novel immune agonists for vaccines is of primary interest to many groups in the United States, as well as elsewhere around the world, due to their potential application as drug therapies for diabetes and cancer patients.

The development of compounds capable of targeting cancer cells must be specific so that healthy cells are not mistakenly attacked and at the same time remain stable and not go through degradation before they reach their target organs. The peptides that the petitioner designed contain both of these special characteristics, specifically their ability to target insulin producing cells in the pancreas, making them an ideal delivery vehicle to pancreas tumors. These peptides have the potential for many other applications in medicinal chemistry for the improvement of diagnoses and successful drug therapies for multiple diseases.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Molecular biology in the areas of plant molecular biology, biotechnology, breeding, genomics and bioinformatics.

The petitioner’s field of research generates scientific advances in agricultural, industrial and green energy sectors throughout America and is of paramount importance in advancing methods to improve crop yields and produce biofuels. The petitioner’s research is at the forefront of genome science and technology. Her work is sponsored by multiple governmental funding agencies as well as by funds directly from soybean producer associations and is important to scientific progress in the field of plant molecular biology.

The NIW petitioner states that the petitioner and her colleagues are conducting ground breaking research as it relates to the molecular characterization of agronomically important soybean phenotypic traits. Her research focuses on soybean genomics leveraging state-of-the art high throughput next generation sequencing techniques such as mRNA-Seq and Digital Gene Expression (DGE). The NIW petitioner recognizes that the petitioner critically analyzed the first ever DGE experiment to compare the transcriptional profiles at the genome level of a wild type and agronomically important soybean hairless-mutant that carries a dominant P¹ allele.

 

• Graduate Teaching Assistant – Mechanical engineering as it relates to thermal sciences and refrigeration.

USCIS recently approved an NIW petition for a researcher working in the field of mechanical engineering, specifically in the area of thermal sciences and refrigeration. The petitioner has a specific record of prior achievement and has directly influenced the field as a whole through his ground-breaking discoveries and the innovative new processes he has developed. The NIW petition recognizes that the petitioner significantly advanced the technology of utilizing carbon dioxide as a refrigerant in place of HCFC’s and HFC’s. HCFC’s and HFC’s are man-made coolants that have been categorized as greenhouse gases and have been shown to cause significant harm to the environment, specifically contributing to global warming. Petitioner created a new technology for the use of carbon dioxide as a refrigerant by utilizing a capillary tube as an expansion device along with conventional heat exchangers.

 

• Postdoctoral Scholar – Computational and systems biology in the area of mathematical modeling and analysis of metabolic networks.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a researching working in the highly complex and sophisticated field of computational and systems biology. The petitioner has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the model-driven analysis and engineering of metabolic and biological regulatory networks. One of the first and most significant contributions of the petitioner was the identification of synthetic lethal genes/reactions using genome-scale metabolic models. The petitioner’s developed procedure has been incorporated in a widely used software package for the analysis of metabolic models. The NIW petition recognizes that the petitioner’s development of advanced optimization-based approaches for the study and modeling of biological networks has not only broken new ground in the application of optimization methods to metabolic network analysis, it has also shed light on the unknown properties of these complex systems.

 

• Postdoctoral Fellow – Chemical biology related to infectious disease and cancer biology research.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a leading and internationally recognized scholar within the field of chemical biology who has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the specialty areas of infectious disease and cancer biology research. The petitioner’s current research has had a significant impact on synthetic and biological chemistry.

The NIW petition recognizes that the petitioner has made significant contributions to the fields of chemical biology, especially in the area of drug discovery. Prior to discoveries made by the petitioner, drug screens against IspF yielded modest inhibitors, and some of the inhibitors exhibited different properties in vitro compared to when they were tested in whole cell assays. The petitioner’s finding has aided in the identification of the next generation of drugs against infectious agents as it helps explain such discrepancy. According to experts in his field, the assay developed by the petitioner is the best of its kind, and without the petitioner’s unique blend of expertise in chemistry and biochemistry, these studies would not have been possible.

 

• Research Associate – Bioinformatics, quantitative genetics and the related specialties of single cell nanotechnology and genomics of mammalian developmental biology.

The petitioner works in the highly complex and sophisticated field of bioinformatics and quantitative genetics and the related specialties of single cell nanotechnology and genomics of mammalian developmental biology. The NIW petition recognizes the petitioner as a leading and internationally recognized scholar within the field of reproductive and developmental biology and has contributed groundbreaking, innovative research in the afore-mentioned specialties. He has measured the expression of thousands of genes in one female gamete. This research is of vital fundamental interest because it seeks to understand the cell biology of a good and fertile female gamete and has practical importance in the clinical field of in vitro fertilization for couples with reproductive physiological barriers. The petitioner’s work is used to select female gametes that are most capable of developing healthy embryos in vitro, and thus revolutionize the treatment of infertility.

 

• Numerical Modeler – Geophysics related to the development and numerical implementation of geophysical models.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a researcher working in the highly complex and sophisticated fields of geophysics, cold land regions studies and numerical tsunami modeling. The petitioner created the most detailed maps to date of permafrost distribution on most of the Arctic shelves which are relevant to potential gas hydrate locations and the feasibility of future extraction by oil and gas companies. In addition to modeling submarine permafrost in the Arctic, the petitioner has simulated the permafrost, ground temperatures and ground thermal properties which have practical importance to predicting geo-technical conditions at Alaska oil and gas exploration sites.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Chemistry and the related research areas of synthesis and characterization of new porphyrins and related compounds with organometallic substituents, and synthesis and characterization of aza-BODIPY, subphthalocyanine and phthalocyanine for photo-induced electron transfer process in molecular devices.

The petitioner has been engaged in research in the area of supramolecular chemistry and material science. Despite broad skills and experience, his primary research interest is in Organic Materials Chemistry. Much of his research focuses on light harvesting materials for solar energy conversion, which are invaluable both nationally and globally. The NIW petition recognizes that the development of affordable, inexhaustible and clean solar energy technologies will have significant long-term benefits. It will increase countries’ energy security through reliance on an indigenous, inexhaustible and mostly import-independent resource, enhance sustainability, reduce pollution, lower the costs of mitigating climate change, and keep fossil fuel prices lower than otherwise. Furthermore, energy harvesting addresses the issue of climate change and global warming.

One significant contribution that the petitioner has made to organic material chemistry is the design and synthesis of elegant artificial photosynthetic systems with long-lived charged separated state of radical ion pair. Elegantly designed donor-acceptor conjugates accelerate forward electron-transfer rate and slow down backward electron-transfer rate, resulting in the formation of long-lived charge-separated states which is a key feature for solar energy conversion. The harnessing of sunlight to energy/electricity using organic solar cells promotes one of the most promising alternatives to energy production by coal, oil and natural gas. The petitioner’s research based on organic material synthesis and characterization greatly aids in improving and expanding the use of our most abundant renewable energy source and will benefit the production of alternative energy sources.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Fellow – High-frequency micro/nano-electro mechanical systems (MEMS) and phononic bandgap structures (PBG).

The petitioner’s research deals with the design, simulation, fabrication, and characterization of micro/nano-phononic crystal structures for wireless communications and sensing applications. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is the technology of very small devices; it merges at the nano-scale into nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and nanotechnology. MEMS technology is making a revolution in high-tech applications as well as everyday life. Current applications of MEMS technology include navigation systems, projectors, inkjet or laser printers, smart phones, sensors, wireless communications devices, and game consuls. Recently, micro gyroscopes and accelerometers are being used in smart phones to provide precision navigation and movement-based gaming. MEMS accelerometers have saved many lives in the world by deployment of airbags in cars in the event of accidents. Also, MEMS technology is used to create timing reference signals like the clocks on computers and other electronic devices and to make very efficient frequency filters for wireless communications.

The NIW petition acknowledges that the petitioner was the first to successfully introduce and implement phononic crystals into the MEMS technology and show that the performance of many MEMS devices can be improved using phononic crystals (also called phononic band gap materials). His work has many applications in wireless communications devices including cell phones and smart phones as well as electronic equipment that need timing (such as navigation devices and computers).

 

 

• Research Assistant – Materials science and engineering, specifically related to the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanomaterials.

The petitioner works in the field of materials science and engineering. His research targets important and fundamental questions in the field of magnetic materials. One of them concerns the application of soft-magnetic thin films in data storage magnetic recording media such as hard disk drives (HDDs) which are utilized as data storage devices in personal computers and video recorders. Soft magnetic thin films (i.e. CoNiFeB) are used as the core material of high-density recording heads.

In addition, the petitioner has established a method for large synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles encapsulated FeCo nanoparticles which have promising medical applications in imagining and tumor therapy. The importance of his work has been recognized by several leading experts in the field of materials science and engineering.

 

• Lecturer and Postdoctoral Scholar – Civil and environmental engineer studying the surface mass balance estimation of the Greenland ice sheet.

For over a decade, the petitioner has been engaged in research in the area of hydrology and water resources engineering. Despite broad skills and experience, his primary research interests are in remote sensing of the environment (precipitation, snow, soil moisture, and vegetation), land surface modeling, data assimilation, and land-atmosphere interactions. Much of his research focuses on advancing satellite-based land data assimilation techniques, land surface modeling, and remote sensing, which are invaluable both nationally and globally for weather forecasting and climate predictions, as well as for predicting sea level rise, global warming and climate change.

The petitioner’s research accomplishments have included developing new techniques and algorithms to estimate hydrological products such as surface heat fluxes, vegetation dynamics, snow water equivalent (SWE), soil freeze-thaw state, and Greenland ice sheet melt rate from satellite data. The NIW petition acknowledged the importance and relevance of the petitioner’s current research: his projects on land surface remote sensing are funded by numerous federal agencies.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Pharmaceutical sciences and agrochemicals.

For over a decade, the petitioner has been engaged in research in the area of pharmacognosy and natural products research.   Her research focuses on the study of chemical compounds produced by lower organisms, such as plants, microorganisms, and marine invertebrates, which are invaluable both nationally and globally for the development of significant new drugs. These drugs are used to treat a wide variety of diseases, including malaria, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimers, and HIV. Her notable research accomplishments have included the discovery and isolation of natural product compounds with implications for treating global diseases such as malaria, AIDS, and leishmaniasis, and the isolation of compounds that have promise in the area of biodegradable, environmentally-friendly herbicides. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 31 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Electrical engineer researching cochlear implants, specifically in the area of speech dereverberation for cochlear implant users.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for an electrical engineer working in the field of cochlear implants whose research is mainly focused on applying techniques to suppress reverberation in order to improve the intelligibility and quality of the reverberant speech. The petitioner’s research involves enhancement algorithms that can be used in cochlear implants, hearing aids and automatic speech recognition systems. The petition recognized that mitigating reverberation effects for cochlear implants is one of the biggest opportunities to make progress in the cochlear implant research field. The petitioner’s research is used to benefit the hearing impaired listeners in the most challenging environments where their devices fail to perform efficiently because of reverberation and additive noise.

 

• Postdoctoral Associate – Astronomy and physics, specifically in the area of dynamical evolution of dense stellar systems containing black holes.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a postdoctoral associate engaged in research in the area of astrophysics. His numerous research accomplishments have included modeling two globular clusters in great detail. Due to this accomplishment, he was able to derive important constraints on the presence of potential Intermediate-mass Black Holes, the missing links between stellar, mass and supermassive black holes in the centers of these clusters. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 22 days.

 

• Research Fellow – Medicine, specifically in the areas of immunology, gene therapy, signal transduction, and intravital imaging.

The petitioner has been engaged in research in the area of immunology, gene therapy, signal transduction, and intravital imaging.  Much of the petitioner’s research focuses on the new, emerging field of intravital immuno-imaging. Through Multiphoton Intravital Microscopy, the petitioner studies by direct observation the dynamics of immune cells during the establishment of an immune response. On top of that, by using fusions between signaling molecules and fluorescent proteins, he belongs to the very limited group of researchers able to analyze the functional consequences of interactions between immune cells, in terms of triggering of signaling pathways, in vitro and in vivo.

The petition illustrates that the petitioner’s studies provide much-needed information on the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. As a result of his research, therapies may be developed to specifically repair the underlying genetic alterations of the Wiskott – Aldrich syndrome. His findings regarding HIV spread and long lasting T cell memory will help to develop new prophylactic, as well as therapeutic, approaches to efficiently combat life threatening infectious diseases.

 

• Research Fellow – Neurologist researching the functional and pharmacological significance of the protein Alpha-Synuclein in a transgenic animal model of Parkinson’s disease.

The petitioner’s studies have laid the groundwork for a new avenue of therapeutics in the treatment of drug abuse and neurodegenerative disorders. Neurodegenerative disorders are the umbrella term for the progressive loss of structure or function of neurons, including death of neurons. Many neurodegenerative diseases – including Schizophrenia, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s – occur as a result of neurodegenerative processes. The results have given a mechanistic explanation to the already reported antiparkinsonian activity of A2A receptor antagonist KW-6002 and suggest that the other selective A2A receptor antagonist SCH-442416 could be useful in dyskinetic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders and in drug addiction.   The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 89 days.

 

• Teaching Assistant – Mechanical engineering with emphasis on nanotechnology and biomechanics.

USCIS approved a NIW petition for a teaching assistant working in the highly complex and sophisticated field of mechanical engineering. Petitioner has made major contributions in the area of nanotechnology and biomechanics and is the principal author of ground-breaking research regarding arterial mechanical properties. Petitioner’s research in this area of nanoindentation received funding from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

The NIW petition focuses on the petitioner’s research work in the area of developing the equivalent continuum model for a single-layered grapheme sheet. His method integrates molecular dynamics method as an exact numerical solution with theory of shell as an analytical method. His results demonstrate that the proposed method could provide a valuable tool for studying the mechanical behavior of single-layered graphene sheets, as well as efficiency of continuum theory in nano-structured material. Advancement in this area is pertinent to the national and international science community. Its importance is evidenced by the fact that the Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 was awarded in this category of single layer graphene sheets. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 29 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Associate – Biomedical related nanotechnology and drug delivery and the related specialty of translational science involving cancer treatment and diagnosis.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Associate working in the lab of a noteworthy cancer research center. The petitioner is an expert in the field of translational medicine using a nano-engineered delivery platform.

The petition focused on several of the petitioner’s contributions of national merit, including her roles designing and optimizing a unique cancer treatment platform intended for clinical use and commercialization while working on translational medicine in a world-renowned laboratory that translates the product from bench to bedside. The petition also highlighted her work in developing a topical nano-engineered sponge treatment that delivers chemotherapy drugs for use in treating several stages of cancer. The treatment simultaneously significantly reduces systemic toxicity to the patient and it will provide a treatment for patients at the earlier pre-cancer stage. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 31 days.

 

• Research Scientist – Microbiology specifically in the study of resistance to beta-lactams and aminoglycosides as it applies to antibiotics.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Scientist working in a research lab within the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at a renowned research university.

The NIW petition focuses on the national merit of the petitioner’s work investigating the behavior of bacteria populations that cause disease in both humans and animals. The petitioner’s research targets vital questions in the field of resistance to antimicrobials, specifically, the resistance to antimicrobials amongst Mycoplasma species. His work is of substantial practical importance in the health industry, allowing the determination of antimicrobial susceptibilities in several mycoplasma species, and thereby revealing why some antimicrobial treatments are unsuccessful. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 39 days.

 

• Electrical Engineer – Robotics and control of dynamical systems.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for an Electrical Engineer working at a technology solutions company. The petitioner’s particular interests are in robotics and control of dynamical systems.

The petitioner’s research is focused on the design of robust distributed and decentralized control algorithms for networked dynamical systems. These algorithms are directly applied to multi-robot formation control, satellite formation, and other cooperative control. Robotic systems are used in a vast range of practical applications, ranging from welding machines to material handling to biomedical applications Additionally, during his time in a university research lab he oversaw the success of several projects, including multi-agent robotic formations, and voice-control wheelchair for the physically impaired. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 20 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Fellow – Chemical engineering, chemistry, and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Fellow working in a Department of Energy research center at a renowned university. The petitioner’s research is focused on the areas of chemical engineering, chemistry and non-equilibrium thermodynamics.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s work pertaining to discontinuous and continuous molecular simulations and hydrogen-bonding fluids. Applications of his work include polymer solutions, asphaltenes, acidic molecules, and ionic liquids, all of which are relevant to industrial and pharmaceutical applications. The petitioner’s research also includes simulations and theoretical modeling of carboxylic acids, polar and complex organic compounds, polymers and polymer solutions. The beneficiary’s I-140 petition was approved in 53 days.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Parasitology, specifically in the area of helminth parasitology.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate working at a public state research university in the fields of toxicology and parasitology.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s work and how it has helped with the discovery and understanding of new pharmaceuticals that can improve the controlling of parasitic diseases in farm animals and humans. The petitioner is also one of few scientists who can use electrophysiology, especially the highly sophisticated patch clamp technique, to study the mode of action of antiparasitic drugs and the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance in parasitic nematodes, commonly known as round worm.

 

• Postdoctoral Researcher – Analytical biochemistry, specifically in the area of metabolomics.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Researcher working at one of the premier organizations devoted to systems biology research.

The petition highlighted her inter-disciplinary research projects focusing on human diseases and disorders, nutritional studies, immunological and vaccine related investigations, microbiological, plant and environmental sciences. Throughout her research, the petitioner has developed novel analytical methods using metabolomics procedures, including the development of a plant-based vaccine. Her expertise on applying the immunology related experimental and analytical technologies is also being used to advance research on vaccine development for human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

 

• Assistant Project Scientist – Rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology, specifically in the area of medical robotics.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for an Assistant Project Scientist working in the field of medical robotics focusing on stroke rehabilitation at the medical school of a public research university.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s work proposing and developing an Augmented Reality (AR) setup for stroke rehabilitation, which has been able to show the promising potential of AR in physical rehabilitation setup. AR enables stroke patients to experience more motivating and entertaining exercises. AR technology has the capability of creating an interactive, motivating environment in which practice intensity and feedback can be manipulated to create individualized treatments to retrain movement .The petitioner also successfully developed a device for measuring the stiffness of rehabilitation patients’ arms.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Biomedical research, specifically in the areas of clinical diagnostics, biosensors, and point-of-care testing.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate working in a bioscience lab for a public state research university.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s areas of research, including his development of integrated microfluidic systems for rapid forensic DNA analysis and of numerous medical microdevices to be used in point-of-care testing, including a novel new sample-to-answer immunoassay plastic lab-on-a-chip for point-of-care testing. He was also involved with the development of reusable micro-sensors for continuous and on-site heavy metal measurement for environmental health monitoring.

 

• Research Fellow – Electrical engineering, specifically in the areas of electromagnetic transducers and micro-actuators.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Fellow working in the field of electrical engineering at a public state research university.

The petitioner’s research focuses on energy harvesting systems. He is working to design and fabricate an energy harvesting system that can harness energy from ambient vibrating sources to generate enough power to run sensors for a Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS), with the goal being to harvest and store relatively high electrical power from hostile environments to feed sensor nodes of HUMS. The petitioner has also worked in the areas of micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS), magnetic and acoustic MEMS, and electroacoustic transducers, micro sensors, and micro actuators. This research has resulted in the elaboration of Hi-Fi microspeakers with minimal sound distortions, high bass rendering, and high electroacoustic efficiency.

 

• Research Fellow – Neuroscience and molecular biology as it pertains to the central nervous system and hibernation.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Fellow working in neuroscience and molecular biology at a public state research university.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s research related to sleep and hippocampal memory consolidation. His research of sleep-dependent consolidation mechanisms under normal and pathological conditions may lead to novel targets for therapeutic intervention in disorders where cognition, memory, and synaptic plasticity are adversely affected. The petitioner’s revolutionary research explores mechanisms used naturally in hibernating animals to suppress metabolism and the potential clinical utility of these mechanisms as prophylactic treatment for cardiac arrest and stroke.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Assistant – Metallurgy and materials science, specifically in the area of failure analysis.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Research Assistant working in the areas of metallurgy and materials science at a public state research university.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s research in the areas of failure analysis and corrosion failure analysis. His work contributes to improving corrosion and materials properties and the metallurgical processes of future parts. Additionally, the petitioner has researched ZnO nanowires as they apply to solar cell energy. He is also involved in a fundamental study of high temperature naphthenic acid corrosion. His specific research also involves employing alternate advanced characterization techniques and developing advanced methods for analysis of high temperature naphthenic acid corrosion.

 

• Research Professional – Genetics, gene regulation and development.

USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Professional working in the field of evolutionary genetics at a world-class private research university.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s contributions in the areas of gene regulation and development. He has developed a number of algorithms for the design of synthetic regulatory DNA sequences which can be made to express in arbitrary patterns and could provide a useful tool for gene therapy applications that require a targeted gene expression. His research focuses on use of the neutral path algorithm to reconstruct the common ancestral sequence of a cis‐regulatory module in two related species, differing in sequence in the extant species. His work has practical importance in the healthcare industry.

 

• Postdoctoral Research Associate – Biochemistry, specifically in the area of protein structure-function.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Research Associate working in the area of biochemistry at a medical school.

The petitioner’s research focuses on the advancement and development of skilled biophysical techniques such as Circular Dichroism, Stopped-Flow Analysis, Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Her research also addresses the basic physiology of steroidogenic proteins and mitochondrial translocases. Her research provides insight into the major questions of ambiguous genitalia or adrenarche as well as the basic physiology of the mitochondrial steroidogenic pathway. Additionally, utilizing a technique called High Speed Countercurrent Chromatography, she was able to successfully isolate some biologically important antioxidants called catechins.

 

• Senior Scientist – Renewable energy research in the area of nanomaterial synthesis.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Senior Scientist working in the area of renewable energy research at a nanotechnology company.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s research advancements in the field of solar energy conversion using dye-sensitized solar cells. He has produced solar cells that convert solar energy into electrical energy with a reasonable power conversion efficiency. The petitioner also developed a continuous flow reactor and processes for the continuous flow synthesis of semiconductor core and core/shell nanowires. He is currently working to transition novel nanomaterials from the lab to the market.

 

• Research Fellow – Bioanalytical chemistry, cancer research and personalized disease risk prediction.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Fellow working in neurosurgery at an Ivy League teaching hospital.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s advancements and developments in the area of glycan profiling of human serum based on mass spectrometry. The petitioner developed an automated HPLC platform for affinity purification of a target plasma glycoprotein, clusterin and subsequent study of the glycosylation of the protein in kidney cancer patients, which resulted in the discovery of putative glyco-biomarkers for renal cell cancer. She is currently leading projects involving metabolomics and proteomic profiles with risk of future disease, including breast cancer and type II diabetes.

 

 

• Predoctoral Research Associate – Nano-biotechology, nanotechnology, and nanomedicine.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Predoctoral Research Associate working in the area of nano-biotechnology in the materials science department at a public state research university.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s work using synthetic magnetic nanocarriers as contrast agents for early diagnosis of cancers using magnetic particles imaging (MPI), which is an ultrasensitive alternative imaging technique for MRI. He has also developed approaches that have enhanced the tumor targeting efficiency of nanoparticles. The petitioner is also pursuing the development of new bio-imaging techniques that will enable doctors to diagnose cancers as well as other diseases at their early stages. His skills in the synthesis of various organic and inorganic nanostructures have enabled him to play a key role in developing the size tuned iron oxide nanoparticles that behave as efficient MPI tracers, generating high resolution and signal intensity.

 

• Staff Scientist – Immunology, specifically in the areas of genetics, molecular biology, and autoimmunity.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Staff Scientist working in the field of immunology at a National Institutes of Health (NIH) lab.

The petitioner’s work focuses on researching the possibility of the tyrosine kinase Itk as a novel therapeutic target for treating and preventing further exacerbation of autoimmune disorders. He made the discovery that Itk deficiency prevents the development of pro-inflammatory T cells, and instead, leads to the induction of regulatory T cells, an important subset of T cells that prevent potentially over-destructive features of inflammation during autoimmunity. His work has concentrated on the generation of better models of related disorders of the immune system.

 

• Engineer – Chemical engineering in the area of combustion science.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a chemical engineer performing research in the area of combustion science.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s research on the design of technologies which allow joining dissimilar materials. He is an expert on applying high temperature rapid reactive combustion technologies to join ceramics to metal-alloys. His work mainly focuses on designing robust distributed control systems for multi-agent systems such as a swarm of satellites or robots. He has developed novel joining schemes for a variety of materials bonding, which can be utilized in the military as well as the aerospace industry. He has contributed to the development of a number of novel and efficient method for low-cost production of nanomaterials, which can be utilized in photovoltaics for clean energy applications.

 

• Analytical Scientist – Analytical chemistry, focusing on pharmaceutical research and development.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for an Analytical Scientist working in research and development for a pharmaceutical company.

The NIW petition focused on her work in the area of pharmaceutical research and development. She has expert knowledge of analytical instrumentation, including high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, infra-red and UV-VIS spectrophotometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Her current research involves the development and validation of methods of analysis for the different active and inactive ingredients in the generic drugs. Her contributions lead directly to the minimization of the cost of analysis as she implements techniques that do not require a great amount of consumable materials and are performed efficiently. Her research and analysis of cancer drugs, specifically generic cancer drugs, have enabled underprivileged patients to afford low cost medicine.

 

• Postdoctoral Fellow – Mechanical engineering, specifically in the area of injury biomechanics.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Fellow working in the bioengineering department at one of the world’s leading research universities.

The petitioner’s research focuses on resistance to traumatic brain injury. The petitioner’s research on material characterization of brain tissue and finite element modeling, validated by experimental results, directly advances researchers’ understanding of such injuries. He developed a shock tube system in the lab in order to experimentally simulate blast-induced injury scenarios and to study the propagation of waves in biological tissues. He has also advanced research related to the issue of traumatic rupture of the aorta, which is one of the major causes of vehicle related mortality, by designing a novel dynamic bending setup that utilizes a rigid indenter to deform a pressurized aorta mounted on a linear acceleration track. This setup is capable of replicating the loading conditions experienced in car accidents with the advantage of repeatability and data collection.

 

• Research Fellow – Cellular immunology and ophthalmology as it relates to ophthalmic surgical outcomes.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Fellow working for the US Department of Veterans Affairs.

The petition highlighted the petitioner’s work pertaining to scleral inflammatory disease, treatment for birdshot retinochoroidopathy, and peripheral ulcerative keratitis. The petitioner developed the largest database of patients with scleral inflammation and analysis of the collected data, which has provided a guideline for the early diagnosis and treatment of this potentially-blinding ocular disease. The petitioner designed crossover trials to assess the utility of virtual simulators in improving the dexterity of dominant and non-dominant hands in cataract and retina surgery. He also designed a large study to validate the construct of a new indirect ophthalmoscope simulator and to assess if this technology is to be implemented in the training of new eye care professionals in the United States.

 

• Research Assistant Professor – Mechanical engineering in the area of fluid computations.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Research Assistant Professor working in the computational hydraulics lab at a renowned private research university.

The NIW petition focused on the petitioner’s contributions to the fields of civil and mechanical engineering, especially in the areas of fluid computations, hurricane storm surge modeling, and coastal wave and circulation modeling. His research directly relates to the development of highly accurate and efficient computational models used to evaluate or forecast the risk and consequences of hurricane-induced inundation and damage. His research at the university focuses on computational fluid mechanics and specifically, he is pursuing the development, verification and validation of a new generation of enormously innovative and powerful algorithms. During his research at the university, the petitioner has developed a novel computer code that implements this technique and has become a powerful tool employed in the Center for Shock Wave-Processing of Advanced Reactive Materials (CSWARM) for predicting shock conditions under which new materials can be synthesized.

 

• Postdoctoral Fellow – Medicinal and organic chemistry.

The USCIS approved an NIW petition for a Postdoctoral Fellow working in a chemical biology research center.

The petitioner’s research focuses on the development of potential Niemann Pick Type C (NPC) therapeutics. NPC Patients are not able to metabolize cholesterol and other lipids properly within the cell. She has played a crucial role in the synthesis of histones deacetylases inhibitors, which has led to improvements of NPC phenotype in cells. She is currently working on the synthesis of fluorescent probes of radical oxygen species for the development of a rapid susceptibility screening which will allow the prescription of the correct antibiotics the first time.